CIVIL ENGINEERING FACTS ABOUT THE TOP 20 DAMS IN INDIA

CIVIL ENGINEERING FACTS ABOUT THE TOP 20 DAMS IN INDIA

India is regarded as the land of rivers and it has immense potential for the construction of massive dams because of its geographical features. To its north, it is the Himalayas Mountain range, with Plateaus in the middle whereas, in southern India, it has western and eastern ghats along the ocean boundaries of the country. India has already constructed numerous dams and water reservoirs. We have already constructed almost 5000 large dams. There are also So many projects in the pipeline.

What is Dam?

The dam is a barrier that blocks the flow of water resulting from the creation of a reservoir. These days dams are mainly built for the production of electricity that hydro-power generation.  This form of electricity is called hydroelectricity. Reservoirs created by building dams help in preventing large-scale floods but also provide facilities such as irrigation for arable land, human consumption, industrial use, navigation, and aquaculture.

The oldest dam in the world is the Dam in Jordan, dating back to 3,000 BC.

HIRAKUD DAM

Dams are one of the biggest concrete structures to be built on the Earth.  It is today regarded as the lifeline structure as it serves numerous essential purposes such as irrigation, hydropower generation, flood prevention, and domestic and industrial water supply that are very important for human existence. It makes the dam a reliable structure. Dams are always designed for the highest safety and to resist the worst forces of nature.

 

Dam Name

Specifications

Highest Dam in India

Tehri Dam (Uttarakhand)

Height: 260.5 meters

Length: 575 meters

River: Bhagirathi River

Built in:2006 (1st phase)

 

Longest Dam in India

Hirakud Dam (Odisha)

Total Length: 25.79 km (16.03 mi)

Length of Main Dam:4.8 km (3.0 mi)

River: Mahanadi, Odisha

Built on:1953

 

Oldest Dam in India

Kallanai Dam (Tamil Nadu)

River: Kaveri, Tamil Nadu

Built on: 100 BC –100 AD

 

Highest Power Generation

Tehri Dam (Uttarakhand)

Tehri Hydropower Complex – 2,400MW

River: Bhagirathi River

 

Highest Irrigating Dam

Indira Sagar Dam

Irrigation for 1,230 square kilometers of land

River- Narmada, MP

hirakud DAM

List of 15 major dams in India

Dam Name

River Name

Location

Rihand Dam (1962)

Rihand

Uttar Pradesh

Sardar Sarovar Dam

Narmada

Gujarat

Bhavani Sagar dam

Bhavani

Tamil Nadu

Tungabhadra Dam

Tungabhadra

Karnataka

Maithon Dam

Barakar

Jharkhand

Koyna Dam

Koyna

Maharashtra

Bisalpur Dam

Banas

Rajasthan

Mettur Dam

Kaveri

Tamil Nadu

Krishnarajasagar Dam

Kaveri

Karnataka

Nagarjuna Sagar Dam

Krishna

 

Telangana

Bhakra Nangal Dam

Sutlej

Punjab-Himachal Pradesh

Cheruthoni Dam

Cheruthoni

Kerala

 

Indravati Dam

Indravati

Kalahandi

Mullaperiyar Dam

Periyar

Idukki

Almatti Dam

Krishna

Bijapur

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